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SwineFlu – FAQs

How does a human catch swine flu?swine-flu-prevention-mask

– From contact with infected pigs
– From contact with infected humans

Who is at risk?

– Diabetics, Nephropathy and Cancer Patients
– Immune Suppressed individuals
– Pregnant Women
– Seniors
– Travelers
– People with Health Conditions
– People who are morbidly obese
– Health-care professionals (doctors, nurses, health-care personnel treating patients)

What are the signs and symptoms?swine-flu-symptoms

The symptoms of swine flu are very much like those of regular influenza. They include:
– Cold
– Cough
– Diarrhea
– Headache
– Sore throat
– Temperature (fever)
– Tiredness (fatigue)
– Body aches
– Vomiting

Causes of H1N1 type Swine Flu

H1N1 type Swine flu is very contagious. The disease is spread through saliva and mucus particles. People may spread them by:
– Sneezing
– Coughing
– Touching a germ-covered surface (like door knob, keyboard, mobile) and then touching their eyes or nose

Preventive Steps to Keep Swine-Flu Away

Keep away from sick people.

Flu virus spreads when particles dispersed into the air through a cough or sneeze reach someone else’s nose. So if you have to be around someone who is sick, try to stay a few feet away from them and especially, avoid physical contact.

Avoid crowded areas.

Try to avoid unnecessary trips outside.

Wash your hands frequently.

Use the antibacterial soaps to cleanse your hands. Wash them often, at least 15 seconds and rinse with running water.

Avoid touching your mouth, nose, or eyes.

That’s not easy to do, so keep those hands clean.

Get enough sleep.

Try to get 8 hours of good sleep every night to keep your immune system in top flu-fighting shape.

Keep hydrated.

Drink 8 to10 glasses of water each day to flush toxins from your system and maintain good moisture and mucous production in your sinuses.

Boost your immune system.

Don’t skip your breakfast. Keeping your body strong, nourished, and ready to fight infection is important in flu prevention. So stick with whole grains, colorful vegetables, and vitamin-rich fruits.

Avoid alcohol

Apart from being a mood depressant, alcohol is an immune suppressant that can actually decrease your resistance to viral infections like swine flu. So stay away from alcoholic drinks so that your immune system may be strong.

Do plenty of exercise.

Moderate exercise can support the immune system by increasing circulation and oxygenating the body. For example walking for 50-60 minutes every day will significantly perk up your immunity.

Wear a face mask if you must come into close contact with a sick person.

“Close contact” means within 6 feet. Note: There is no definitive proof that a face mask prevents flu transmission. Do not rely solely on a face mask to prevent infection.

Poster used to Promote prevention in College premises

poster

When to see your doctor?

– If you are fit and healthy, there is no need to visit your doctor.
– Consult your doctor at the first sign of flu-like illness like cold, cough, vomiting, diarrhea or fever.